Art Nouveau Passion

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Information on Artists, Sculptors and Manufacturers

This page has been produced in association with Sheryls Art Deco Emporium, for all those people who have emailed for information on sculptors, artists and manufacturers of the period and especially whose pieces I have in stock. Obviously there are many, many sculptors and artists not included here, and there is a severe lack of information on hundreds of sculptors/artists, due to records being lost, by war damage and ignorance. Many European founders and artists were Jewish and during the war years many simply vanished along with their records and history.

The information below is just some of the information that we have gathered over the years, and I will be updating this page from time to time when new information becomes available.

Alliot - Lucien Charles Edoard.
Born in 1877 he was a pupil of Barrias and Couton. He exhibited at the Salon from 1905 till 1939 and was a member of the Jury from 1934 onwards.

Alonzo, Domonique
born in Paris in the late 19th century. He was a pupil of Falguiere and exhibited his works at the Salon des Artistes Francais from 1912 till 1926.

ATO
Ato is short for Hatot (Leon). He patented the classic form of pendulum which uses a magnet and coils to impulse the pendulum. This is done by the current from the first coil switching a transistor which supplies a larger current to the second coil at the right moment.

Argentor Werke
The firm Argentor Werke was located in Wimbergerstrasse, in one of the inner districts of Vienna, a site where different metal-ware companies gathered together. It was the custom at the time for companies with reputation to invite artists to create designs which then were to be cast.

Argy-Rousseau, Gabriel, was born in France in 1885. Master craftsman and famous for his handcrafted pate de verre techniques - unlike many other glass decorators he never mass produced. He completed a degree at the National School for Ceramics in Sevres, France, and first exhibited his work in Pate de Verre in 1914 at the Salon des Artistes. Pate de verre consists of powdered glass molded and then fused by heat.

Balleste
Enrique Molins-Balleste was born in Barcelona, a Spanish artist who later moved to Paris. It would appear that Molins and Balleste are one and the same artist and he would use either Molins or Balleste to sign his pieces. Some same figures are signed Molins whilst the other is signed Balleste. Often signed his name as BAL. Famous for his theatrical and genre groups and figural lighting. Also made many sculptures using wood as the medium.

Bauhaus 1919-1933
The German Bauhaus design school was founded by the architect Walter Gropius. Its members included engineers, designers, painters, sculptors and architects, who sought to relate form to function and aesthetic qualities to the demands of machine production, producing good quality household items mainly art deco in design.

Bazor, Lucien
born in Paris 18/01/1889. Pupil of his father Albert Bazor, later he attended the Ecole Nationale des Beaux Arts where he studied under Patey. BAZOR exhibited at the Salons of the Society des Artistes Francais and won the Great Prize of Rome in 1923. From 1930 until 1958 he worked as chief engraver for coins.

Bazzoni, Alberto - 1889-1973
Italian artist, attended the Academia in Parma and studied under the Sculptor Gino Spalmach. Executed many war memorials after the first world war. During 1928-1931 he decorated the central station in Milan. In 1936 he produced the famous relief 'The fall of Lucifer' in the Milanese Palace of Justice. He worked until just after the second world war. He is famous for his stylised modernist works which are all of exceptional quality. In my opinion - a genius.

Beaufils, Armed Emile Jean - French artist, history unknown.

Becquerel, Andre Vincent -
1893 - 1975, born St. Andre-Farivilliers, France, studied under Lemaire and Lecourtier and specialised in animalier and child sculpture, and exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais from 1914-1922.

Benoit, Georges - 20th century artist born in Paris and exhibited at the Salon des Independants from 1928-1930 and specialising in mantle clocks and lighting in marble, glass and bronze.

Bergman -
Austrian artist, produced many early 20th century pieces of mainly Arab influence or subject. Also produced mechanical figures of ladies with dresses which open to reveal nudes underneath etc.

Bex, Pierre
Jewellery company in Paris. Items were made in France from 1969 until the end of 1980. The factory is now closed, but the very high quality of its production, the use of the original tools and of the best materials give these items a great value.

Bitter, Arry
Born in Marseilles, France, Bitter was a leading French sculptor during the inter-war period in France. He was a student of famous Masters and he won many prizes while still a student. In 1914, he created a monumental terrrcotta sculpture "Exibition Sculpture" for the food pavilion in the "Exposition National Suisse" in Bern, Switzerland for the company of Nestle. He was responsible for designing many monumental sculptures (eg., Lion et Enfant) which is still in its original location. Exhibiting regularly in the prestigious Salon des Artistes Francais, and other top salons in Paris. Many of his sculptures depicted subjects popular with the Art Deco movement. His work is found in several important museums such as Musee National d' Art Moderne (Paris), Musee des Beaux-Arts (Marseille), Musee Hector Berlioz, Musee Calouste Gulbenkian (Lisbon), and others. Monumental sculptures are located in Marseille, Cambo-les-bains, Sanary-sur-mer, Bargemon and Barentin. A true Master of his Art. There is a website on Arry Bitter at this address:- http://ary.bitter.free.fr/

Bizard
Susanne Bizard was an early 20th century sculptor, she was born in St. Amand in France on August the 1st 1873. She exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais from 1900 till 1936. She produced many portrait reliefs, busts, statues of children and genre groups of which Vers'Ideal (1900), Honour and Money(1903) and Diane Attendre are the best known.

Bofill, Antoine -
Born Barcelona, Spain, exhibited at Spanish and Paris salons during the 1920s.

Bosse, Walter
Viennese bronze artist, born in Vienna in 1904. Worked for the Wiener Werkstatte and was a member of the Austrian Werkbunde. Produced many small bronze animals and figures similar to Hagenauer and Balle.

Bouraine, Marcel - born in Pontoise, France, he was self-taught and was taken prisoner by the Germans during the 1914-1918 war and was interned in Switzerland where he produced several monuments. He also exhibited at all the main Paris salons. After the war he worked until 1935. Bouraine also produced designs for glass statues which were produced by Argy-Rousseau during the 1930s. Best known for his chryselephantine figures he also made full bronzes and figural groups, many with a classical theme - like Diana the Huntress or his famous Amazonian Diana with shield and spear. Bouraine used a pseudonym which was Derenne, he may also have used Briand (Brian), as there is a definate connection between the two as can be seen in the hoop dancer by both artists, which appears to be identical.

Boutarel, Simone, born in Paris. She exhibited her works at the Paris Salons during the 1920s and won a silver medal in 1937. She specialised in anamalier groups and busts.

Brandt, Edgar -
1880-1960. He Exhibited at many of the top Paris Salons. Famous for his high quality metal work - using mainly Bronze or wrought iron. He worked with many other famous artists - including Rhulmann, Dunand and Puiforcat, and also produced work similar to Paul Kiss. His items are today extremely sought after and command high prices, relevant to the quality of his work. Famous for his wrought iron work, he created an entirely new form of smithing and created a very impressive number of art historical works for buildings and for the home. His items included radiator covers, console tables, lamps, stair banisters, window grills, sculptures and gates, to name but a few. He was inspired by the artist blacksmith Emile Robert and he became a leading force in Art Deco metal work. His shop in Paris was at 27 Boulevard Malesherbes.

Briand - pieces signed Briand were produced by the Le Verrier foundry during the deco years - ie. the famous bird lady and hoop lady, and I believe that there may have been a connection between Briand and Marcel Bouraine and the former may have been a pseudonym used by Bouraine, who already used another pseudonym - Derenne.

Bugatti, Carlo 1855-1940
He was an amazing Italian furniture designer and craftsman with his own individual style which was based on extravagant ornamentation, geometric shapes and Moorish themes. He came to public attention when he designed the Moorish interior for the Italian section at the Turin International Exhibition in 1902. His designs were as much works of art as pieces of furniture. He incorporated embossed metal appliques , or ivory or pewter inlay, used a variety of woods and/or decorative material, often including vellum perhaps painted with Arab figures or scenes . His designs have to be seen to be believed.

Bugatti, Rembrandt 1885-1916
He was the son of Carlo Bugatti the furniture designer and younger brother of Ettore Bugatti the famous automobile designer. A truly remarkable family. His career spanned a mere 15 years, but during that time he created some of the finest animal sculptures ever produced. He was awarded the Legion d'Honneaur in 1911. Committed suicide 1916.

BULLE clocks
of France. There is a lot of data on the internet about this maker, but for those who don't know, they made masses and masses of clocks between the 2 world wars and slightly after, in lots of case styles.

CAMUS - Jean Marie, a French artist who exhibited at the Salon in Paris.

Carlier
Emile Joseph Nestor Carlier 1849-1927. Born in Cambrai, France and died in Paris 1927. He studied at local art schools and moved to Paris where he was a pupil of Jouffroy, Cavelier and Chapu at the Ecole des Beaux Arts.Famous for his busts, animals and genre groups. He received many medals for his work and held the rank of Officier in the Legion of Honour.

Carrier-Belleuse, Albert -
Born in 1927, he received many honours for his exceptional work. Famous for 'Nature revealing herself', died 1887, in his later years was the director of Sevres factory in France. Was responsible for the ceiling in the Louvre, Paris. Considered as a real Master of his art.

Cartier, Eugene - received Salon medal of honour 1926.

Cartier, Thomas Francois,
born in Marseille, France 1879. First exhibited at the salons in 1908. Later to receive many awards.

CARVIN Auguste - French artist who exhibited at the Salon, Paris from the early 1900s.

Causse, Cadet Julien
Born at Bourges, worked 1890 - 1914, studied in Paris under FalguiŽre and exhibited at The Salon des Artists Francais in the 1890s, obtaining honourable mentions in 1892 and 1900 and a third class medal in 1893. He also took part in the exposition Universelle of 1900 and specialised in small figures. Pictures of his work can be found in the Berman book of Bronzes by Schiffer books.

Chiparus
Demetre Chiparus was born in Romania on 16th Sept 1886, he later studied,worked and lived in Paris. He studied under A. Mercier and J. Boucher. He exhibited at the Salon in 1914. He is the most famous of the Deco artists and is considered the pioneer of the Art Deco Chryselephantine bronzes technique used during the 1920s and 30s. He made pieces in many mediums including bronze, bronze and Ivory (Chryselephantine) spelter, terracotta and plaster. He was greatly influenced by topics of the time. Like theatrical performances of the Ballet Russe, and had a keen interested in Egypt and this is portrayed in many of his sculptures of the 1920s and 30s. I highly recommend 'Chiparus - Master of Art Deco' by my friend Alberto Shayo - for anyone seeking information about Chiparus.

Clerc, Sylvestre - French artist born 1912. Exhibited Paris during 1920s.

Cian, Fernand - Italian sculptor exhibited in Paris during the 1911 - 1928

Cipriani
U. Cipriani. Born in Naples at the end of the 19th century, he studied at the School of fine Arts in Rome and exhibited his work at the Salon des Artistes in France from 1903.

CLARA Juan. Spanish sculptor worked and exhibited in the Paris Salons.

Colinet, Claire Jeanne Roberte -
Belgian sculptor, born in Brussels, worked from 1910 - 1940. Exhibited at the Salon des Independants from 1937, famous for her dancers from different continents of the world series.

Compton Pottery
The Compton Pottery Guild started at the end of the 19th century with evening classes which were run by Mary Watts the wife of the renown Victorian artist G.F. Watts, herself a very accomplished artist she encouraged local people to come together under her guidance to make terracotta panels decorated with Celtic symbolism for the new cemetery chapel which the Watt's had given as a gift to the village. It was such a success that it led to a small pottery business which was run as a guild system with the workers having a financial interest in the business. The pottery flourished through the early 20th century making gravestones, sundials, large unglazed pots and other garden ornaments, many being sold through Liberty's of London. Smaller hand coloured unglazed items were also made. Compton designs have a strong mixture of Celtic and Art Nouveau styles making them easily recognised pieces. The firm closed in 1951.

Conde, Geo - Georges Jean Conde, born 25 June 1891, famous sculptor and ceramics artist who worked for the St. Clement ceramics company in Lorraine, along with Lemenceau during the 1920s. Conde items are now highly sought after and he is now considered on par with Pompon, Adnet, Puiforcat and Sandoz, and is particularly famous for his stylised craquelier pieces.

Costa, Joaquin, -
born in Italy and exhibited there and in France in the early 1920s. Worked 1905-1935.

Cotswold School 1893 - mid 1930's
A loose association of English furniture makers, located first at Pinbury and then at Sapperton in the Cotswolds, Gloucestershire led by Ernest Gimson and the Barnsley brothers (Sydney and Ernest). They attempted to unite the traditional rural craftsmanship with the handcrafting principles advocated by the Arts & Crafts movement.

Crouzat Georges (1904 - 1976)
French medallist, pupil of Landowski and Dropsy. Studied at Ecole nationale superieure des Beaux Arts in Paris.

Dakon Stephan - 1904 - 1992
Stephan Dakon was born in Vienna 14th Nov 1904 and was a freelance sculptor and ceramist, famous mainly for his sculptural work in the production of deco female dancers. His work was very similar to that of Lorenzl and at one time it was believed that Dakon and Lorenzl were one and the same artist, we now know otherwise. It is however apparent that they worked together at Goldscheider. After finishing school, he attended a school for sculptors and then served an apprenticeship at the bronze foundry in the Vienna Arsenal. Whilst there he made the acquaintance of Josef Lorenzl who later became a fellow colleague at Goldscheider in Vienna. It was on Lorenzl's recommendation that Dakon was employed by Goldscheider in 1924 as a freelance designer. He took up military service in Finland and Norway during the second world war and was interned as a prisoner. On his return to Austria he took up where he had left off and did similar works for the American Goldscheider Corporation in Trenton, New Jersey and also worked for Adolf Prischl and William Goebel. From 1945 he also worked for Keramos Wiener Kunstkeramik, who produced ceramics and porcelain items. Dakon's work is now highly sought after by collectors world wide and he is considered to have been a prolific and versatile artist. His work is of exceptional quality and he is not only famous for his statuary work but he was undoubtedly one of the most important designers of ceramic wall masks and figurines.

D'Aste Joseph - Italian Born artist who exhibited at Salons in Italy and France during the 1920s. Worked mainly in portrait and figural sculptures.

Daum, Auguste
born 1853 and died 1909. A French man who formed a glass company famous for its glass decorating techniques which were similar to those used by their neighbouring company of Galle. Auguste, the founder of the company was later joined by his two sons in the business - Lois Auguste and Jean Antonin who carried on the company. The company is still working today.

Dauvergne, J. -
French artist worked mainly in spelter (white metal) during the 1920s - 1930s. Famous for his Dianne & Ibex and The Hooplady.

De LaTour
Amelia Cate De LaTour, born in Scotland and studied at the Bournmouth School of Art, the Central School of Art and the central School of Arts and Crafts. She settled in Bournemouth where she worked during the 1920s as a painter and sculptor of mainly animal subjects. She Exhibitied at the Royal Academy and the Salon des Artistes Francais and many leading British Galleries.

De Marco
One of the Le Verrier artistes, famous for his Atlante and group Atlante piece.

Debry, Sophie - She exhibited at the Salon Paris 1920s.

Deffner, Carl 1856-1948
Carl worked in his family's metal working factory based in Esslingen, Germany. The factory produced good quality metal art works mainly for the home for over 150 years. From about 1890 to 1915 Carl produced some wonderful Jugendstil/Art Nouveau pieces which have become very collectable. Carl's pieces are marked with a shield containing crossed axes and C D E.

Delamarre, Raymond (1890-1986)
Considered as one of the Ônew breedÕ of French sculptor-medallists (along with Annette Landry, Albert Pommier, Georges Guiraud and many others). Considered as a master in his art. Even though accomplishing a very wide array of medals, one of his best known pieces is the Art Deco-style Compagnie Generale Transatlantique medal for the ship Ville D'Algers in 1935. An apprentice of his own father, a highly regarded engraver and chiseller (stone sculptor). Worked with Rodin. Won the Grand Prix de Rome in 1919. His early work focused on creating monumental sculptures. Won the Gold Medal at the 1925 Exposition des Arts Decoratifs. Received the Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur.

Delapchier, Louise - born in France, exhibited at salons 1904 - late 1920s.

Delaunay, Paul
Paul Delaunay, born 1883 in Paris, studied in France and emigrated to the USA. Became a member of the American Artist Professional League and Director of the Academy of Fine Arts in Birmingham, Alabama. Famous for sculpting monuments and memorials, genre figures and portraits.

Delannoy, Maurice - born Paris 1885, received several medals from the Salon during the 1920s - 1930s.

Delannoy, Pierre Francois Fernand - born in Paris, exhibited at the Paris salons during 1920s, and received ah honourable mention for his work.

Denis -
French artist, work produced mainly by the Le Verrier foundry in Paris. Famous for his Scarf Dancer and Ball Dancer.

Derby, Sophie - French artist exhibited at the Salon during the 1920s.

Derenne - Pieces signed Derenne were produced by the Le Verrier foundry in Paris during the deco years, and Derenne was a pseudonym used by Marcel Bouraine. It would appear that it was not unusual for sculptors to use pseudonyms.

Descomps, Jean, worked and exhibited at the Paris Salons during the 20s and 30s.

Descomps, Joseph (Joe) -
1869 - 1950, French sculptor, exhibited many works at the Salon, Paris.

De Viggo - Unknown but with some connection with Menneville.

Diey - Yves, 1892 - 1984 born in Paris in 1882 and worked during the early 20th century. He participated in the Salon des Artistes Franais and won a silver medal in 1942. Diey was famous as a painter of nudes and portraits of women, and also typical Spanish and Moroccan scenes. Although there is little biographical information on the artist, he is well known to French art dealers by virtue of the fact that he was extremely prolific and his works were generally of very high quality.

Dropsy, Henri 1885 - 1969 born in Paris, studied under Thomas, Injalbert, Patey and Vernon, and exhibited regularly at the Salon des Artistes Francais. He was a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour and specialised in portrait busts of celebrated contemporaries and allegorical groups, such as Electricity and Winter.

Drout Edouard. Born 1859, a French artist who exhibited at the Salon Paris.

Faure
Antone Ferdinand Faure is famous for his works of art designed for the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Cairo during the 1920s. He was also employed in the restoration of sculpture in the Court of Honour at the Palace of Versailles in 1888.

Fayral
Fayral and Guerbe were 2 pseudonyms used by the famous Pierre Le Faguays. Fayral and Guerbe were both the family names for his Mother and his Wife. Le Faguays was born in Nantes, France and became famous for the originality he gave his dancers, many of which were inspired by the statues of Tanagra. He gained a medal of honour for his work in 1927. He was a best friend of Max Le Verrier and the Le Verrier foundry made most of - if not all of his pieces.

Foretay, Alfred Jean
Born January 1861 in Morges, France. He studies under Falguiere, exhibiting portraits, busts and statues at various Salons. Won an honorable mention in 1891 along with a 3rd class medal in 1904. Produced mainly Nouveau style statues in bronze or spelter.

Fraisse, Edouard
born in Beaune France the 14th of May 1880 died in Paris 13rd of September 1945. Pupil of Coutan, Chaplain and Vernon. Since 1904 he exhibited at the Salon of the Societe des Artistes Francais. In 1908 Fraisse competed for the Prix de Rome for which he received a second prize award. In 1929 he was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. In 1937 he received a gold medal.

Francisque -
20th century sculptor working in bronze during the 1920s, based in Marseille.

Fugere, Henry -
born 1872, France. Studied with Barrias, Cavelier, Puech, exhibited at the Salon, Paris.

Galle, Emile
(1846-1904) - the other famous French glass artist. Opened a small glass factory in Nancy France in 1874. He is probably the most famous of the glass artists and was famous for cameo glass, acid etching and enamelling and hand made quality furniture. His company continued on after his death until 1935. Galle was the principal force in a group of French Art Nouveau artists and designers working in and around Nancy. On his initiative c.1890 they formed a school. Members included the Daum brothers and Louis Majorelle.

Gallo
Ignacio Gallo was born in Valladolid, Spain in the 19th century. He worked 1910 - 1935 specialising in statuettes of bathers, dancers, nudes and pagan goddesses. I believe his main foundry was Marcel Guillemard.

Gauthier, Joseph - born Carcassone early 20th century, exhibited sculpture items in the Paris salons during the 1920s.

Generalli, Amadee
born in Naples in 1891. Many believe his name to have been Amadeo but it was not, it was Amadee. I have gained this information from some Interior design magazines that I have dating from the 1920s. It would appear that he did not go to an Art School but was an apprentice of Francesco Jerace - it was during this time that he gained his notoriety. He produced many bronzes and terracotta's some of which were retailed through Alfred Dunhill 15 Rue de la Paix Paris. Dunhill also had branches in London and New York. Many of Genneralli's terracotta's were made using the lost wax method and limited to only 10 copies of each. His work is highly collectible today and admired for the quality of workmanship.

Gilbert, Alfred -
born London 1854. Most famous work, Eros in London's Trafalgar Square. Died 1934.

Gori
Georges Gori born in Paris at the turn of the century, he studied under Injalbert and exhibited his works at the Salon des Artistes from 1929 and won a bronze medal in 1931.

Gory, A
Modeled in the Art Nouveau period. Designed many wonderful figures including works for Goldscheider.

Gregoire
Emile Gregoire, specialised in genre sculpture working in Brossac France in the early 20th century. Gregoire was born in 1871, and was a French artist who studied under Dubois and Thomas. Won the Prix de Rome Medal in 1899. Famous for specialising in medals and plaques.

Grun, Samuel -
Russian artist worked in London and Paris during the 1920's and 1930's. Exhibited at the Royal Academy and Paris Salons.

Guerbe - See Fayral

Guerval, A. -
Wife of Pierre Le Faguays. First exhibited in 1924. Her most famous work was entitled Dawn.

Guiraud Riviere
Maurice Giraud Riviere, born in Toulouse France. became a member of the Salon where he exhibited his works during the 1920s and 30s.

Hagenauer
Austria and its cultural centre of Vienna has produced some amazing bronze artists. Lorenzl Baller Bosse and Hagenauer who between them produced some wonderful decorative accessories and sculptural items during the Deco years. The firm of Hagenauer was first started in 1898 by Carl Hagenauer (1872-1928) and produced items designed by Hagenauer and many other artists including Josef Hoffman and the Wiener Werkstatte. Carl Hagenauer was an apprentice Goldsmith for Austrian Jewellery firms. The firm of Hagenauer exhibited its work at many Exhibitions in Paris, London and Berlin and its works were widely exported world wide. The Hagenauer company was a family run business and Carls son Karl (1888-1956) joined his Father in the firm in 1919 aged 31. He contributed considerably to the firm as he was highly appraised sculpture in his own right. Other members of the family also contributed styles and techniques to the Hagenauer company.

Hettier and Vincent - French manufacturer of top bronze lighting during the 1920s/30s, with shops in Paris at 9 Place des Vosges and 10 Rue de Turenne.

Ingels, Domien
Born in Gent Belgium 1881 - 1946, Exhibited at Academy Des Beaux Arts in Gent, where he later became a teacher. A Sculptor who worked in many mediums including wood, plaster, terracotta and metal. He excelled in Animal subjects, Busts, wall Plaques and was responsible for several Monuments in Antwerp. In 1930 he opened a business producing wall plaques and masks in Drongen, Belgium. He showed these at the Exposition International des Arts and Techniques in Paris in 1937.

Janle - Janle was of the sculptors whose work was produced by the Le Verrier foundry, Paris during the 1920s. Pieces were produced in spelter, pewter and bronze.

Joma Ğ A French glass factory, dates unknown, but they were definitely very busy during the 1920/30s. It was during these years that the many hand painted enamel vases and other items were produced. Mostly in bright Deco geometric or floral designs. The company also produced pressĞmoulded vases which are usually signed Joma Fabrications Francaise.

Jonette Jewellery
The Jonette Jewellery Company, was set up by a couple called by John and Etta, hence the name Jonette. It was based in Rhode Island, USA and started business in the 1920s making humourous and unusual jewellery to suit all tastes. I have included many of their items on my websites as I think the quality is excellent and the ideas, many of which are Deco themed - are very innovative. All brooches are fitted with a safety clasp, signed JJ and some are very large in size, making a very big Deco statement at an affordable price.

Kauba, Carl
Austrian artist Carl Kauba was born in Vienna 1865, and died in 1922.

Kelety, Alexander -
Hungarian born, worked 1918 - 1940, exhibited at Paris salons between the wars.

Kiss, Paul - French artist famous for his art deco ornamental ironwork, producing excellent quality items considered by many to be on par with Edgar Brandt. Items were produced in bronze and ironwork and included, radiator covers, console tables, lamps, stair banisters, window grills, and gates - although he specialised more in lighting. His shop was based at 10 Rue des Perichaux, Paris.

Knox, Archibald 1864-1933
He was born and educated on the Isle of Man. Knox was the most important of the designers, called upon by Arthur Lasenby of the famous London Liberty store. He produced more than 400 designs for the Cymric range as well as some designs for the Tudric pewter range which were inspired by the earlier Cymric wares. His observation of Celtic remains on the Isle of Man were the underlying influence on his choice of decoration. The ornate elements are easily recognised and often incorporated spear-headed entrelac symbols (a form of interlaced decoration drawn from ancient jewellery). Pieces are often embellished with peacock blue/green enamels and or inset with turquoise, lapis lazulli or similar semi-precious stone cabochons.

Kolzoff, Serge
Born September 1892 in Moscow, studied at Moscow school of fine arts and was winner of its gold medal. Most of his work was realistic, but during the 1920s his style changed to constructivism.

Lambeaux, Joseph (Jef) Marie Thomas - Belgian artist born in Antwerp in 1852, died 1908 Brussels. Famous as the teacher of Colinet. Jef Lambeaux was born into an artistic family. He learnt sculpting at the Antwerp Academy with Jozef Geefs as his teacher. In Paris he helped J. Beers in his atelier, later he also worked at the atelier of J. Vanaise. Lambeaux took part in many exhibitions, won a gold medal in 1881, and in 1882 was given a scholarship by the city of Antwerp, which he used to travel to Italy. The main theme in his work is the expression of movement, nude figures become more important as time passes. He also made busts and in Italy he found inspiration for making fauns. He designed the Caryatids of the Antwerp city hall, the famous Brabo-fountain in the same city, as well as many other important monuments. His most important work is The Calvary of the Human Race which in 1899 was placed in the Brussels Jubelpark in a small building designed by the architect Victor Horta.

Larche, Raoul-Francois 1860-1912
A renown French sculptor mainly known for top quality bronze female figures, possibly gilded, often naked or sheathed in drapery. He produced a series of well known figures based on the american actress and dancer, Loie Fuller who was regarded as a living embodiment of Art Nouveau.

LARROUX Antonin - French artist born in Toulouse 1859.

LAURENT Blanche - French, born in Paris and exhibited there.

LAURENT G. H. - 20th century artist famous for his many bronze animalier sculptures. No further information currently available.

LAURENT Pierre - born in Montlucon, 1868, a student of Barrias, won several awards.

Lavroff
George Lavroff was born Georgiu Lavrov in Siberia in 1895. He studied medicine and was originally also an artist. He moved from Russia to Paris in 1927 which is when he produced most of his work. He moved back to Russia in 1935 and died on August the 29th 1991 at the ripe old age of 96 years! Lavroff is famous for the quality of his pieces, he worked in several mediums, bronze and ceramics being the main ones. Not all of his pieces were signed, some were signed by the foundry that produced them, I believe Marcelle Guillemard was one of them.

Lea Stein
Lea Stein was born in Paris and married Fernand Steinberger in the 1950s. She was once a designer for Cocoa Chanel. In the 1960s she left Chanel and formed her own jewellery company making unusual and original jewellery items, with the help of her Husband who was a chemist. He created the formula used to create the the laminated celluloid which her jewellery is made of. Prices vary according to whether it is an early or recent piece and its rarity.

Le Faguays, Pierre
Pierre Le Faguays was born in Nantes, France and became famous for the originality he gave his dancers, many of which were inspired by the statues of Tanagra. He gained a medal of honour for his work in 1927. He was a best friend of Max Le Verrier and the Le Verrier foundry produced many of his pieces. He used 2 pseudonyms as well as his own name and they were Fayral and Guerbe. Which were the family names of his Mother and his Wife. He was a leading sculptor and his work is frequently praised for its high quality and attention to anatomical accuracy. He also produced designs for Goldscheider in Paris under the "La Stele" label. He worked in several mediums including ivory, bronze, spelter, stone, wood, alabaster and ceramics. He studied with his friend Max Le Verrier.

Le Verrier
Max Le Verrier Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1891, died 1973. Best friend of Pierre Le Faguays and Bouraine. After his war service he returned to France where he opened his own studio in 1919. His first sculpture was his famous Pelican. He opened his own foundry in 1926 making pieces for such artistes as Fayral, Guerbe (these two being pseudonyms used by Pierre Le Faguays who was Le Verrier best friend) Le Faguays, Bourain, Charles, Denis, Briand, Janle and De Marco - to name but a few! His pieces are of the highest quality and highly collectible.

LEONARD Charles - French artist exhibited at the Salon.

LEONARDI (LEONARDENE CO.)
English Manufacturer of what the firms advertising department called 'Art Models - Figures designed and modelled in England'. These items were made during the 1920s and 30s and the owner of the Company was called Leonardi. The Company was based in Elthone Road, Holloway London. They produced a wide range of plaster Art Deco figures, which included Ladies, lady lamps, Bookends, Mirror ladies, Men, Children, Animals and wall masks. The early lady lamps were mounted on chrome bases, and many or the same figures were put to different uses. You could often get a certain model as a figure and as a lamp. Each Leonardi item was stamped on the back of the base, usually with a registration number, model number and the distinct CL initials which are stamped on top of each other. Each model number was given a name and was available in a selection of different colours, which included Jade, Matt Rose, Pearl, Green Pearl, Metallic, Copper-Green, Green-Gold, and Silver-Blue. Other colours were obtainable by special order. These pieces were made as affordable items for the general public and today are highly sought after and very collectible. The quality and style of the Leonardi pieces is not the usual poor quality found in your average Deco plaster figures. Even Biba during the 1970s reproduced some of the Leonardi lamps, these ones are of course not stamped.

Leune Studio Glass
The Leune studios was in Paris France and produced some very Deco items in the 1920s and 30s. The Leune Studio director was Auguste Heiligeinstein. The glass was made by Daum in Nancy or Croismare and supplied to the Leune studio who hand painted them. Pieces were of the same period and style and quality as Daum, Muller,Schneider, Degue and Noverdy.

Leune - Hand painted enamel glass items. Societe des Anonyme des Etablissements had a Glassfactory in Paris, France residing at 28 Rue du Cardinal Lemoine Established around 1900. During the 1920s Paul Daum (brother of Jean Louis Daum) worked as the director of this company. In the years 1923-1926 they employed Auguste-Claude Heiligenstein as art designer. The company of Daum Freres and Cie, Verreries de Nancy supplied the unpainted items that were painted hand painted after designs by Heiligenstein. The company closed at some time during the early 1930s. All enamel painted items where signed with Leune. While press-moulded vases have a printed stamp. It is possible that the company also made lamps that were signed Leunox.

Lindsey B
Trained in graphic design at the St Martins School of Art in London. Focusing on 3D form after a fortuitous encounter with John Taylor, who was the principal sculptor to Adel Roostein Mannequins. She was to work with John for ten year, during which time she experimented with technique and materials to evolve a style which evoked enthusiastic critical acclaim. In 1983 with the introduction of a range of decorative ceramic, plaster and resin sculpture, the company of Lindsey B was formed. The collection was first shown in London and New York, and subsequently exhibited in major cities across Europe and America. Lindsey B reproductions were distributed throughout the world. Alongside her decorative work, Lindsey also developed a line of ornamental figures for use in commercial interiors and display. She also undertook specialised projects in creative advertising and the moving picture and theatrical industries. All originals were sculpted by Lindsey B at her Fulham Studios and decorative finishes were created in collaboration with her design team. Each Lindsey B piece was individually hand-made and usually signed in the mould. Although the signature is not always easily visible as it is sometimes under the glaze. She made busts, wall plaques, candle sets, vases and other decorative items. Including a life size Garconne (waiter) and Agatha (Waitress) - which are now extremely rare - probably due to their fragility and price. Sculptures include such pieces as:- Ruby, Peking, Rick and Rachel, Luba, Brian, Brunnhilde, Blackpool girls, 3 different sizes of Garcon, Bud, Bonnie, Ted, Agatha, Mantis, Lillah, Tex, Pearl, Irmgard, Flick and Wick, and Rio. Brunnhilde was a bust bust made especially for optical stores - having deep high cheek bones for displaying glasses on. I am not sure exactly when the company closed but I believe it was in the early 90s. Lindsey B items are extremely collectible today and highly sought after. If anyone has any more info than this and would like to share it - please email me.

Lipchitz, Marcelle - born 1891, lived in France and exhibited there. Moved to USA in 1941.

Lipchytz or Lipszyc, Samual -
Russian artist worked 1918 - 1935, exhibited mainly at the Salon, Paris.

Lypchytz Jacques - born in Druskieniki in 1891, lived in France until 1941 when he fled the country and moved to the USA where he was very successful.

Lorenzl Josef - 1892-1950
Josef Lorenzl was an Austrian sculptor and ceramist and one of the most famous sculptors of the Art Deco period. Most of his figures were singular slim female nudes with long legs which conveyed elegance, usually in dancing poses. Some of his figures were used to accompany mirror glass or marble clocks, lamps and also produced as bookends. He also made many figural strikers (lighters) mainly in spelter wall masks and ceramic figures. He used various materials mainly, bronze, spelter, and bronze and ivory. Similar figures were often made in various sizes. He designed many ceramic busts, figurines and wall masks for Friedrich Goldscheider and Keramos. Lorenzl signed his pieces Lorenzl but also used abbreviations of his name, Lor, or Enzl and many pieces were unsigned. His work was very similar to that of Dakon and at one time it was believed that Lorenzl and Dakon were one and the same artist. Lorenzl worked at the bronze foundry in the Vienna Arsenal. Whilst there he made the acquaintance of Stephan Dakon who later became a fellow colleague at Goldscheider in Vienna. It was on Lorenzls recommendation that Dakon was employed by Goldscheider in 1924 as a freelance designer. Lorenzls work is now highly sought after by collectors world wide and his name is known for the quality of the pieces and the designs that he produced. His pieces now command very high prices.

Mackintosh, Charles Rennie 1868-1928
Scottish architect and designer who was one of the most influential figures in the development of Art Nouveau and the Modern movement. Much admired on the continent especially by the Viennese Secessionists. Formed the 'Glasgow Four', which included Herbert MacNair and the Macdonald sisters. Margaret later married Mac Nair and Mackintosh married Frances.

Majorelle, Louis 1859-1926
French cabinet maker influenced by Galle. As a member of the Nancy school he adopted Art Nouveau forms, creating an individual, elegant, naturalistic style. His decoration is based on sinuous natural forms, hand made with exotic or strongly grained wood often with Marquetry inlays and ormolu mounts.

Manship, Paul -
born 1885 in Minnesota, USA. Studied at Pennsylvania Academy and St Paul Institute. Studied in Rome 1909-1912 and won the Prix de Rome. Exhibited in the USA and France, winning many medals and awards.

Martin Brothers 1873-1942
The Martin Brothers (Robert Wallace Martin, Charles Douglas Martin, Walter Frazer Martin and Edwin Bruce Martin) created some of the most attractive, as well as most sinister, stonewares to have been made in Britain, personified the Arts & Crafts ideal of the artist-craftsman. In his younger years Wallace (Robert Wallace) worked as a stone carver on the decorations of the Houses of Parliament. It was here that he came into contact with the heraldic beasts & grotesque gargoyles which were to have such an influence on his work in later years. Apart from a few modelled pieces done in terracotta the majority of their pieces were saltglazed stoneware.

Masson, Jules Edward -
French artist born Paris 1871. Received a medal of honour and several awards, mainly in the 1920s.

MAYER Nicolas -
Born in Paris in mid 19th century, studied under Cordier and exhibited genre and allegorical figures at the Salon des Artistes Francais, attaining an honourable mention in 1887 and becoming an Associate in 1904. His group titled 'The Dream' can be seen the Roanne Museum.

Menneville
There is much mystery about the French artist Menneville and no information. There is a connection between Menneville, Rochard, Roggia and De Viggo - which I have yet to get to the bottom of. They were possible the same artist using pseudonyms, but the pieces are in some cases exactly the same although signed differently to each other. Most Menneville pieces were made in a mixture of Ivoreen and spelter. Menneville, is possibly a foundry and may not be an artist.

Molins-Balleste
Enrique Molins-Balleste was born in Barcelona, a Spanish artist who later moved to Paris. It would appear that Molins and Balleste are one and the same artist and he would use either Molins or Balleste to sign his pieces, sometimes signing the BAL. Some same figures are signed Molins whilst the other is signed Balleste. Famous for his theatrical and genre groups and figural lighting. Also made many sculptures using wood as the medium.

Montenave, Simon
Significant artist of the Art Nouveau period c1899. Designed many wonderful figures for Goldscheider, mainly busts.

Morris, William 1834-1896
Morris was one of the founders of the Arts & Crafts Movement and closely involved with the Pre-Raphaelite artists of the mid19th c. His ideal of integrating art, literature and graphic design inspired a generation of artists like Rossetti, Burne-Jones, Millais and Waterhouse to name but a few. Morris was an English poet, writer, designer, artist and socialist reformer. He rejected the opulence of the Victorian era and urged a return to medieval traditions of design, craftsmanship and community. He pioneered modern renderings of antique styles of type as well as the production of high quality home furnishings to last for generations. In 1861, he founded the firm of Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. with Gabriel Rossetti, Burne-Jones, Madox Brown and Philip Webb and in January 1891 He founded the Kelmscott Press.

Mouchon, Louis Eugene, born in Paris on 30th August 1843, died 3rd March 1914. He was the son and pupil of Louis Claude Mouchon, the painter. He worked as a painter, graphic artist, medalist, engraver and sculptor. He exhibited at the Salon from 1876 onwards and became an Associate of the Artistes Francais in 1888. He won many awards including the Legion d'Honneaur in 1895 and a silver medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. He specialised in portrait and allegorical relief and medallions. For many years he was employed at the Paris mint as a designer and engraver of the dies for coins and postage stamps and is best known for the Peace and Commerce stamps of 1876 and the rights of man series of 1900. He engraved the dies of the Sower series of 1903 which were designed by another well known sculptor Oscar Roty.

Morante, Maurice - early 20th century sculptor.

Moreau, August - worked 1860 - 1910, prolific nouveau spelter and bronze sculptor.

Moreau, Francois Hippolyte Moreau, worked 19th century into the 20th century. Born France 1832, he studied under Jouffroy in Paris. Exhibited at the Salon from 1863, winning a bronze medal at the Exposition Universelle of 1900. He specialised in Genre groups and figures.

Morlon
Alexandre Morlon born 1878 in Macon France. He studied under Falguiere and Mercie and Exhibited at the Salon in 1900. He specialised in allegorical figures and is famous for the standing figure of Victory used for the Allied Victory medal (1918). He modelled pieces used for coinage, medals and war memorials. Examples of his work can be found in the Mint Museum, Paris and the Ghent museum.

Mucha, Alphonse,
born Prague, Czechoslovakia 1860 died 1939. He trained as a set painter in Vienna and then studied at the Munich Academy. In 1887 he came to Paris in search of work as a book illustrator. He exploded onto the scene when he designed a poster for the plays of the day featuring Sarah Bernhardt. Mucha's style was so popular that Art Nouveau was often referred to as 'Le Style Mucha' in France. Alas much of his original work has long been destroyed.

Muller Freres c1900-1933
A wonderful glass making firm mainly known for their cameo glasswares, run by the brothers, Henri and Desiree Muller. Based in Luneville, near Nancy and Croismare. The brothers initially worked with Emille Galle.

Namgreb - see Bergman

Nelson, Alphonse Henri (born Paris 1854), exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais from 1882 and Paris Exhibition 1889. He also modelled for Goldscheider.

Odyv - The French company of Odyv produced mainly faience clocks in Vierzon, France, close to Limoges. During the twenties and thirties it produced almost one hundred different models of clocks, signed ODYV, with a very strong Art Deco theme. After the second world war, it was still producing approximately 35 models, intended especially for the Mediterranean markets. Most of these pieces are of plain colour and usually with richly raised gilding or silvering. The company was also well known for its production of stylised craquelier figures and vases.

Orbiols
Gustave Orbiols worked 1890-1910. Some of his pieces are viewable in the Berman Bronze books.

Oury, Oury-Cerf Ğ
born Valenciennes October 1889, winning many awards, the first received in 1921.

Paris, Roland -
born Vienna, 1894. One of the founders of the Bauhaus school along with Henry Van der Velde. Famous for his stylised comical pierrotte figures.

Perl, Karl - born in Liezon Austria on 3 March 1876. He studied under Hellmar, Zumbusch and Kundmann and worked as a sculptor of figures, busts bas-reliefs and medals and medalions in Vienna.

Peleschka, Lunard - worked mainly in bronze and ivory in Austria from 1900 - 1930's.

Philippe, Paul -
Polish born student of Larant and Larroux, his most famous sculpture was 'Awakening'. Widely exhibited at many of the Paris salons.

Picaud, Maurice (Pico) -
French architect and interior designer who created the dancing lady facade over the entrance to the Folies Bergeres building in Paris. The facade depicts the dancer Lila Nikolska, who posed for the sculpture.

Pillet, Charles Philippe Germain Aristide
(born in Paris, 1869-1960) was pupil to Chaplain and Chapu and received the Grand Prix de Rome in 1890. He exhibited regularly at the Salon of the Societe des Artistes Francais. Famous for producing medals. Pillet exhibited at the Exposition Universelle 1900 in Paris where he was awarded a silver medal. He received a first-class medal in 1905 and the Legion of Honor in 1911. Pillet was awarded a medal of honor in 1923.

Poertzel, Prof. Otto -
born 1876 in Scheibe im Thuringer Wald in Germany. Studied at the Czech Academy for porcelain at Prof. R. Moller, before becoming a sculptor in Coburg for 8 years. Afterwards, he studied at the Art Academy in Munich under Prof. E. Kurz & Adolf von Hildebrandt. Participated in numerous international art exhibitions, e.g. St. Louis World's Fair (1904) and the International Art Exhibition in Brussels (1910). Worked 1910-1930 and produced many of the larger monuments and some of his earlier works can be found in the German Royal Courts, and a few were purchased by the King of Bulgaria. He specialised in female busts (during 1920s and 1930s Poertzel was making busts of the aristocracy in Europe). Died in 1963. Poertzel and Ferdinand Preiss shared a studio in Berlin and at one time it was thought that the two were the same person as their work is very similar, and often confused.

Ferdinand Preiss (1882 - 1943)
Johann Philipp Ferdinand Preiss was born in Erbach (Oderwald) in Germany on the 13th of February 1882. His father owned and ran the local Preiss Hotel, while his mother came from a traditional ivory carving family. When Ferdinand was fifteen years old his father died, the Hotel was sold, and the six children dispersed among relatives and friends. Ferdinand Preiss moved in with the family of Philipp Willmann (1846 - 1910), a master ivory carver and teacher with whom he went through a thorough apprenticeship, emerging as one of the finest ivory carvers of his generation, and he remained in Willmann's studio until Easter 1901. His movements over the next few years are unknown, but by 1905 he appears to have been working for Carl Haebler in Baden-Baden after a period in Milan; AT the Haebler works he met a number of young carvers from Erbach. One co-worker, Arthur Kassler himself a Berliner went into partnership with him and they moved to Berlin, where they opened a small workshop in which they worked as turners and carvers in ivory. The firm was called Preiss and Kassler. In 1907 Preiss married Margartehe Emma Clara Hilme. I 1910 the firm took on two new carvers. Louis Kuchler and Ludwig Walther and the firm's name was shortened to PK. The earliest compositional figure by Preiss is a stauette of Phryne carved from three different woods in his son's collection. His early designs were classically inspired Grecian figures certainly part of the tradition received from Willmann, but also part of the taste for copies from the Antique which were then very popular. Phryne reappeared in bronze and ivory with an onyx or marble base in the company of Aphrodite, Iphigenia, Pomona and others. Another early design was a figure of Carmen. These early figures had the bronze section of the figure cast at the Akt Ges Gladenbeck in Berlin. Robert Kionsek from the Gladdenbeck foundry joined PK and firm gradually expanded, having about half a dozen workers when war broke out in 1914. When the firm restarted in 1920 after the war, Preiss designed a wide variety of figures; exquisitely graceful ivory nudes, bronze and ivory bathers, dancers, couples children and historical figures. Preiss figures are the epitome of grace and elegance, the faces pretty, but with character; the costumes colorful but restrained. His series of Olympians have often been equated with the Nazi ideal by the ignorant. In fact these men and women playing tennis, throwing a javelin, holding an oar, playing golf are just health, outdoors types all date from the nineteen-twenties years before Hitler acquired any power. The Olympic Games that inspired most of these were in France where the Salons had separate and very active sections dealing with the Art of Sport. Preiss most loyal following was in England, and he showed his appreciation by carving a figure of the young Queen Elizabeth (now Elizabeth II). His skill at ivory carving is exemplified in his figure of St. George and the Dragon as well as in his ivory nudes. Preiss died in 1943 of a brain tumor. The PK firm did not survive.

Prischl Adolf - 1912-1970
Austrian Sculptor and ceramist. After training at the Viennese Kunstgewerbeschule under Robert Obsieger, he made models for Goldscheider and Keramos Wiener Kunstkeramik as a freelance sculptor. From 1943 to 1946 he was employed by Keramos. After passing his masters exams he establishes his own workshop in Vienna in1947.

Privat
Gilbert Privat born in Toulouse France in 1892. Sculpture of many Monuments in France. Exhibited figures at the Salon des Artistes since 1921. Won the Prix de Rome in 1921.

Renard, Marcel Claude
Born in Lyon, 5th August 1893. Son and pupil of Leopold Renard and also with Rost and Boucher. He exhibited at the Salon des Artists Francais, and the Salon des Artistes Decorateurs and won 2nd and 1st class medals in 1925 and 1934 respectively. He specialised mainly in bronze medals, plaques and bas-reliefs.

REZL, Bohumi
Born on 17/09/1899 in Czechoslovakia, arrived in Paris in 1926. He settled in Villenauxe (French department of Aube), and worked in the fa•ence factory until 1951. He created ceramic and terracotta figures and clocks often signed B. Rezl. Some of his 1930s items are on view in Museums in Brussels.

Riche
Lois Riche born in 1877 in Paris France. He studied under Gordet and Perrin, and exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais and the Salondis Independonts. He got a first class medal in 1924 and specialised in animal and genre groups. Valence Museum exhibits his bronze of a cat waylaying a butterfly.

Rigual, Pedro Ramon Jose,
born Barcelona, March 19th 1863 of french parents, Francois Rigual and Gertrude Miro. Died April 24th 1917 in Paris where he lived all his life.

Robj - French company producing ceramic Interior design ornaments of very good quality.

Rochard
Rene Rochard was an associate of the Artistes Francais, he won a bronze medal at their Salon in 1941. Famous for his wonderful animalier sculptures. Also some connection with Menneville. See Menneville for more details.

Roggia - See Menneville

Rena Rosenthal
There is not much information about Rena Rosenthal. Many very stylised bronzes are marked RR with the first R in reverse which is the symbol for her pieces. She was not in fact an artist but a shop retailer, who ran a stylish shop in the Waldorf Astoria Building in New York during the 1940s and 50s. She specialised in gift type designer items by Austrian artists like Hagenuer and had certain items created solely for he, putting her name to them. Some of the artists whose items she used were Bosse, and Baller and also Hagenauer made some items exclusively for her. Some of these pieces are marked with both RR and Hagenauer.

Roux, Constance, - 1865-1929

Sabino - French glass company - makers of architectural lighting and objets d'art during the 1920s/30s, whos shop was at 17 Rue St Gilles, Paris.

Sandoz, Edward Marcel - Swiss born 1881-1971
Sandoz is one of the most famous animaliers of the Deco years along with Pompon, Kelety, Laurent, Moreau and Le Verrier. He also produced portraits, monuments, terracotta's and ceramic items. His animals frequently have a humorous and stylised quality and have been likened to the famous animals by Marcel Bouraine. Many items are very small and all work by Sandoz is now highly acclaimed and sought after.

Sega
Again, no information. I believe this artist was French, or certianly worked in France, produced many figural items including lamps and clocks. Worked mainly in spelter and made many pieces using celluloid materials as covering for wooden bases and clock surrounds, with faux tortoishell and pearlised finishes. Used a lot of classical subjects Ğ Pan, Pannette and Diane the Huntress.

Seifert, Prof. Victor (1870-1953)
Born in Vienna and worked in Berlin for most of his career, he participated at «Gro§e Berliner Kunstausstellung« or «MŸnchener Glaspalast«, exhibitions, his casts were produced by good renown German Foundries. He was commissioned to create monuments for the city of Berlin and he is a well listed artist. His work compares favourably to that of French artists like, Moreau, Villanis and Barrias.

Stickley, Gustav 1847-1942
An American furniture designer. He opened a factory in New York producing furniture made by the traditional construction methods with an Arts and Crafts feel, notably his range of 'Craftsman furniture'. The Stickley name is associated with plain furniture in solid mainly American white oak, often described as 'mission style' because of its similarity to pieces found in 19thC American mission churches.

Tedd
I believe Tedd was a small French Atelier who mass produced the cheaper spelter animal figures, which they probably supplied to other workshops to be used in figural groups along with ladies by the other foundries. They also produced some figural lamps and clocks themselves.

Turin
Pierre Turin was famous for his medals and plaques and coins.

Uriano
No information available on Uriano, believed to be a French artist who worked in mainly spelter but also some bronzes during the Deco years. Made many large figural groups. Produced mainly lady figures, and some males, also producing some of the figures as clock sets and lamps.

Van Der Straeten, Georges (or Joris)
Born in 1857, Ghent, Belgium. Studied law by day and sculpture by night, but his love of the art won over and he became a professional sculpture. By 1878 he had become one of Brussels most prolific sculptors. He moved to Paris on advice of his friend the renown painter, Jan Van Beers and became well known for his figures of clowns, pierrots, ragamuffins, circus performers, buxom peasant girls and seductive Parisian ladies. He also gained recognition for his portrait busts of contemporary notables and beautiful women. He had an uncanny skill at capturing facial expressions which clearly portrayed sadness or joy. Some of his female figures are very similar to Emmanuelle Villanis pieces.

Van de Voorde, Georges-Abel Vandevoorde
Born Kortrijk (Belgium) 1878, died 1964 Anderlecht. Sculptor and medallist. He was a pupil of (among others) Constant Devreese and Julien Dillens. Helped Victor Rousseau and worked as his atelier for 7 years. He also taught and later became president of an art-academy. He won the Second Price Godecharle in 1905 and regularly showed his work at national and international exhibitions. He sculpted several larger monuments, including a war-memorial in Brussels, the sculpture of Pieter Coutereel in Louvain and the monument in white stone of Saint John Nepomucenus which was his last monumental design, and is located in his birthplace Kortrijk. He made portrait-busts of famous people which can be seen in parks all over Belgium, and he occasionally liked working around a particular theme, for instance elderly people. He worked in many mediums, including ivory, clay, stone, wood, spelter and bronze.

Villanis, Emmanuel, (1858 Ğ 1914),
born in France to Italian parents, he was educated in Italy, but work and exhibited in France in the Salon de Paris and at the Paris Exposition Universelle where in 1889 he received an honourable mention. The realistic expression of the eyes of his subjects is due to his innovative technique of deep cut, he was strongly committed to the Art Nouveau movement, and together with Moreau, Bouval, Luidgi, Picault, Barrias, he produced some of the most remarkable studies of the powerful, sensual and yet subtle female form.
His sculptures where cast by well known foundries such as Vrai Bronze Garanti Paris, fabrication Franaise, Societe des Bronzes, Eugene Blot.

Villeneuve - Jacques Louis Robert - 1865 - 1933
Born in Basson, France, January 1865 and died Paris February 1933. Pupil of Injalbert and Thomas. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais. Won 3rd class medal (1897) / 2nd class medal (1899) / 1st class (1904). Also was awarded Legion d'honneur in 1906. Produced mainly genre groups, and classical, heroic and historical scenes, and busts of his contemporaries.

Voysey, Charles, A 1847-1941
Originally trained as an english architect, designing buildings and whole interiors including wallpapers, textiles and furniture strongly influenced by the English Arts and Crafts movement mostly to commission. His furniture was hand-made in native woods such as oak and beech with his own very distinctive style.

Wahliss, Ernst
Ernst Wahliss of Turn-Wien, Austria, was a highly regarded artist who designed Amphora art pottery and art nouveau figures and busts. He enjoyed much success beyond Europe. Wahliss produced between 1897 and 1906 some of the most beautiful female art nouveau busts and figures which are highly sought after today by collectors given their beauty and technical complexity. Wahliss was unique among the amphora manufacturers for having his own retail shops in London and Vienna.

Wiener Werkstatte (Vienna Workshops)1903-1932
Series of Austrian craft workshops founded by Koloman Moser who was inspired by the attempts of the Vienna Secessionists to bring more abstract and purer forms to design. Associated designers included Josef Maria Olbrich and Koloman Moser. Their designs included silver, glass, metalwork, furniture and even buildings. Koloman Moser was originally trained as an architect (as is often the case), he was influenced by the Scottish born Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Glasgow School.

Wright, Frank Lloyd 1867-1959
A prolific commercial and residential American architect and designer, father of the Prairie school of architecture. His works are well documented.

W.M.F. (Wuttembergische Metallwarenfabrik), 1880-present
This Austrian metalwork foundry was the most successful German art pewterer of the Art Nouveau period. Mass producing good quality, mainly decorative wares in high Nouveau style. The firm also produced items in glass.

Zach, Bruno -
Austrian sculptor worked from 1918 to 1935, mainly in bronze but also made a few chryselephantine pieces. He was based in Berlin and devoted most of talents to the exotic and erotic, although a few sporting figures were also produces. Some of his models were prostitutes, in whose company he frequently spent his evenings. Rumour has it that he proposed to one of them and was refused. Most of his subjects are female with a few dancing couples.

Zelikson, Serge
Born 1890 in Polotski, Russia. He won a scolarship to travel in 1912 and went to Paris where he studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts under the guidance of Injalbert, Bouchard and Landowsky. He took French naturalisation in 1920. He specialised in genre figures and figural groups, busts and medals and bas-reliefs of contemporary personalities. He exhibited his works at Le Salon d'Automne, the Nationale and the Independants also at provincail gallerys around France. The Paris Municipal Museum displays his famous figure of a Volga Boatman.


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